If you’re new to the Goldendoodle world, I’m sure you’ve seen dog breeders advertising the letters F1 and F1B. I’m also sure that you’ve wondered what the difference was between an F1 vs. F1B Goldendoodle. There are significant differences between an F1 and F1B Goldendoodle in terms of the amount of shedding, how hypoallergenic they will be, and the amount of hybrid vigor they will receive. In this article, I will explain the main differences between an F1 vs. F1B Goldendoodle.
For more in-depth information on all the different Goldendoodle generations (F2, F2B, F2BB, F3, and Multi-gen Goldendoodles), please visit our Best Goldendoodle Generations Guide.
What Does F1 Mean?
Let’s first break down the meaning of “F1” in the word F1 Goldendoodle. The letter “F” stands for the word filial, which simply means that the dog is a crossbred dog and not a purebred dog. All Goldendoodles are a crossbred dog between a Golden Retriever and a Poodle so they will have the letter “F” in their generational name. Second, the number “1” simply means that this will be the first generation offspring between a Golden Retriever and a Poodle.
What is a F1 Goldendoodle?
An F1 Goldendoodle is going to be 50% Poodle and 50% Golden Retriever by genetics. The F1 Goldendoodle is a cross between a 100% Poodle and 100% Golden Retriever which yields a first generation F1 Goldendoodle that is 50% Poodle and 50% Golden Retriever. See the image below for a better understanding of the F1 Goldendoodle.
The F1 Goldendoodle is one of the more popular generations of Goldendoodles that are bred because both the Poodle and Golden Retriever are common dogs. However, this doesn’t mean that this is the best Goldendoodle generation. The downside of an F1 Goldendoodle is that their physical traits and personality will vary widely depending on which genes are dominant. Since the F1 Goldendoodle is 50% Poodle and 50% Golden Retriever, you simply don’t know how much this Goldendoodle will shed, how hypoallergenic they will be, and what their coat will look like.
In general, Poodle genetics will create a wavy or curly coat that is more nonshedding and hypoallergenic. On the other hand, a Golden Retriever will have a smooth coat that sheds. In terms of personality, the Poodle will be more intelligent while the Golden Retriever is more loving and loyal.
The best aspect of the F1 Goldendoodle is that they gain a health benefit called Hybrid Vigor. Hybrid Vigor means that a crossbred dog will be healthier than their purebred parent dogs. This is because purebred inbreeding causes the same genetic defects to continually be passed down to their offspring. Since the F1 Goldendoodle is a crossbred dog, it will only inherit medical genetic problems that are common to the Poodle and Golden Retriever.
Summary of the F1 Goldendoodle:
- Coat Type: Unknown. It could be straight, wavy, or curly.
- Hypoallergenic: Not Guaranteed.
- Non-shedding: Not Guaranteed.
- Hybrid Vigor: Yes, it has the highest qualities.
What Does F1B Mean?
The meaning of F1B the same as F1, except the letter “B” stands for Backcross. Backcross means that an F1 dog is a backcross bred with a purebred parent breed.
The”F” still stands for the word filial, which means it’s a crossbred dog and the number “1” still means it’s the first generation offspring between a Poodle and a Golden Retriever.
What is a F1B Goldendoodle?
The F1B Goldendoodle is 75% Poodle and 25% Golden Retriever. In order to get an F1B Goldendoodle, you need to breed an F1 Goldendoodle and backcross it with either a 100% Poodle or a 100% Golden Retriever. Almost always, a Goldendoodle breeder will choose to breed a F1 Goldendoodle with a 100% Poodle because of the nonshedding and hypoallergenic features. Breeding an F1 Goldendoodle (50% Poodle and 50% Golden Retriever) with a 100% Poodle yields an F1B Goldendoodle which is (75% Poodle and 25% Golden Retriever). See the image below for a visual explanation of an F1B Goldendoodle.
The F1B Goldendoodle is the most popular Goldendoodle generation amongst breeders because it is more nonshedding and hypoallergenic than an F1 Goldendoodle. Since the F1B Goldendoodle is 75% Poodle, it has a significantly higher chance of a wavy or curly coat that doesn’t shed and is extremely hypoallergenic. These are more desirable features in a Goldendoodle which is why dog owners would elect for an F1B vs. F1 Goldendoodle.
The downside of the F1B Goldendoodle is that they get less of the Hybrid Vigor trait than the F1 Goldendoodle. Since an F1B is technically a “2nd” generation crossbred, they will inherit less of this Hybrid Vigor trait. As the generation of Goldendoodle increases, the less the Hybrid Vigor trait they inherit.
Summary of the F1B Goldendoodle:
- Coat Type: Wavy or curly.
- Hypoallergenic: Yes.
- Non-shedding: Yes.
- Hybrid Vigor: Yes, but less so than an F1 Goldendoodle.
Differences between F1 vs. F1B Goldendoodle
There are significant differences between an F1 vs. F1B Goldendoodle because an F1 Goldendoodle is 50% Poodle vs. an F1B Goldendoodle that is 75% Poodle. Most dog owners prefer to get a breed that has more Poodle genes because the Poodle coat is nonshedding and hypoallergenic. In general, an F1 Goldendoodle will shed more, be less hypoallergenic, but have better health via Hybrid Vigor. On the other hand, an F1B Goldendoodle will have a wavy or curly coat that sheds less and is more hypoallergenic.
In general, many dog owners will choose the F1B Goldendoodle vs. F1 Goldendoodle because they want a coat that sheds less and doesn’t give them allergies. However, the downside of an F1B Goldendoodle that is the more nonshedding the coat is, the more you will have to groom your Goldendoodle to prevent the fur from tangling and getting mattes. This includes regularly cutting your Goldendoodles hair every 8 to 12 weeks.
The upside to getting an F1 Goldendoodle is that they will inherit the most Hybrid Vigor qualities between two purebred dogs. Hybrid Vigor means that the F1 Goldendoodle will be healthier than their purebred Poodle or Golden Retriever parent. An F1B Goldendoodle inherits some Hybrid Vigor qualities, but less so than the F1 Goldendoodle.
Conclusion for F1 vs. F1B Goldendoodle
The F1 vs. F1B Goldendoodle has significant differences in terms of both physical and personality characteristics. The F1 Goldendoodle is 50% Poodle and 50% Golden Retriever which makes their genes vary widely and is one of the most unpredictable Goldendoodle generations. On the other hand, the F1B Goldendoodle is 75% Poodle and 25% Golden Retriever which means that this generation is likely not going to shed fur and be hypoallergenic.
If you’re a potential dog owner that has sensitive pet allergies and doesn’t like to vacuum or clean fur off their clothes, then I would elect for an F1B Goldendoodle vs. F1 Goldendoodle. The F1B Goldendoodle has significantly more predictable genes.
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