For those of you interested in purchasing a Goldendoodle, you’ve certainly seen some type of weird cryptic letters in front of the word Goldendoodle like F1 Goldendoodle or F2B Goldendoodle. I’m sure you’ve also wondered “so what does F1 Goldendoodle and F2B Goldendoodle mean?” Well, these numbers stand for the specific Goldendoodle generations. Since the Goldendoodle is a cross between the Poodle and Golden Retriever, the percentage of Poodle and Golden Retriever can differ between each generation. In this article, I’ll help you decipher what these acronyms mean which will help you decide the best Goldendoodle Generations that are right for you!
Goldendoodle Generations Reference Guide
Understanding the terminology is important, and quite simple once you understand what the letters and numbers mean. I will breakdown the meaning of F1B Goldendoodle as an example:
- F1B Goldendoodle: The F stands for Filial Hybrid. This simply means that it is a hybrid dog that came from two purebred dogs.
- F1B Goldendoodle: The 1 stands for the generation the dog is. In this specific case, the 1 means 1st generation.
- F1B Goldendoodle: The B stands for Backcross. Backcross is a fancy term that simply means inbreeding back to a purebred generation. Typically for Goldendoodles, this means inbreeding back to a 100% Standard Poodle for hypoallergenic and non-shedding purposes.
For reference, here are the Goldendoodle generations that I will discuss. This is merely a reference guide and I go into more detail for the different types of Goldendoodle generations.
- F1 Goldendoodle: 50% Poodle & 50% Golden Retriever
- F1B Goldendoodle: 75% Poodle & 25% Golden Retriever
- F1BB Goldendoodle: 87.5% Poodle & 12.5% Golden Retriever
- F2 Goldendoodle: 50% Poodle & 50% Golden Retriever
- F2B Goldendoodle: 62.5% Poodle & 37.5% Golden Retriever
- F2BB Goldendoodle: 81.25% Poodle & 18.75% Golden Retriever
- F3 Goldendoodle or Multi-generation Goldendoodle: Several generations of Goldendoodle breeding typically backcross breeding to the Standard Poodle.
Tip: People generally prefer Goldendoodles that have more Poodle genetics.
Typically, Goldendoodles are backcross bred to the Standard Poodle for the hypoallergenic and nonshedding genes. There are some specific cases where a breeder can be breeding with a purebred Golden Retriever in which case an F1B Goldendoodle maybe 25% Poodle and 75% Golden Retriever. However, these cases are unlikely. It’s best that you check with your breeder to clarify any questions you may have.
F1 Goldendoodle (50% Poodle and 50% Golden Retriever) is the first generation Goldendoodle that is a cross between a purebred 100% Golden Retriever and a purebred 100% Standard Poodle. The result is a Goldendoodle that is 50% Golden Retriever and 50% Poodle.
The F1 Goldendoodle is the classic Goldendoodle that most people think about when they hear the term “Goldendoodle”. However, F1 Goldendoodle genetics can vary quite extensively which will affect how they look. For instance, they can have coats that shed and some coats that are non-shedding. In addition, these coats can be smooth like the Golden Retriever, wavy, or curly like the poodle.
F1 Goldendoodles gain the most health benefits of being Hybrid Vigor, which means the first cross between two purebred dogs will be healthier than any parent purebred dog. This is because inbreeding causes genetic defects. Since Goldendoodles are a hybrid dog, they will only inherit genetic problems that are common to the Standard Poodle and Golden Retriever.
F1 Goldendoodle Characteristics
- Coat Type: Straight, Wavy or Curly
- Hypoallergenic: Not Guaranteed
- Non-shedding: Not Guaranteed
- Hybrid Vigor: Yes, it has the highest qualities.
F1B Goldendoodle (75% Poodle, 25% Golden Retriever) is a cross between an F1 Goldendoodle (50% Poodle and 50% Golden Retriever) and one of the original purebred lines — either a 100% Standard Poodle or 100% Golden Retriever. Almost always, an F1B Goldendoodle is a cross between an F1 Goldendoodle and a 100% Standard Poodle as breeders prefer a non-shedding and hypoallergenic dog coat. Since an F1B Goldendoodle is a mix between an F1 Goldendoodle and a Poodle, it is referred to as a Backcross and hence the reason why it’s called F1B.
The F1B Goldendoodle generation is typically referred to as the Hypoallergenic Golden Retriever because it inherits a larger amount of Poodle traits. This includes the signature hypoallergenic and non-shedding coat that many owners seek. This means that the F1B Goldendoodle typically produces a curly coat and would be an excellent choice for owners with moderate dog allergies. However, Goldendoodles with curly coats require a significant amount of grooming to prevent matting of the fur.
F1B Goldendoodles also gain some health benefits of being Hybrid Vigor, which means that it will be healthier than the purebred parents. Since F1B is technically the “2nd” generation or offspring of Goldendoodles, it loses some characteristics of being Hybrid Vigor. Each subsequent generation of hybrid dog loses some of the Hybrid Vigor qualities.
F1B Goldendoodle Characteristics
- Coat Type: Wavy or Curly
- Hypoallergenic: Typically is hypoallergenic.
- Non-shedding: Typically is non-shedding.
- Hybrid Vigor: Yes, but less so than F1 Goldendoodles because they are the 2nd generation of offspring.
F1BB Goldendoodle (87.5% Poodle and 12.5% Golden Retriever) is a cross between an F1B Goldendoodle (75% Poodle, 25% Golden Retriever) and an original purebred 100% Poodle or 100% Golden Retriever. Most owners will typically choose to breed the F1B Goldendoodle with a 100% Standard Poodle to make the Goldendoodle even more hypoallergenic and non-shedding. Since this is the second Backcross with a purebred Standard Poodle, it gets a second “B” in its name and is referred to as an F1BB Goldendoodle.
An F1BB Goldendoodle is the most hypoallergenic and non-shedding of all the first generation Goldendoodles due to a large amount of Poodle genetics. This means that Goldendoodle will likely come with an extremely curly coat that will need to be brushed every day and groomed every couple of months to prevent the fur from matting. However, this Goldendoodle generation is great for people with pet allergies and don’t want to have to pick up dog hair everywhere.
Since an F1BB Goldendoodle is technically the “3rd” generation of offspring it will have less Hybrid Vigor qualities than the F1 Goldendoodle or F1B Goldendoodle. F1BB Goldendoodles are also regarded as Multi-generation Goldendoodles since they are beyond the 2nd generation of offspring.
F1B Goldendoodle Characteristics
- Coat Type: Curly
- Hypoallergenic: The most hypoallergenic 1st generation Goldendoodle.
- Non-shedding: The most non-shedding 1st generation Goldendoodle.
- Hybrid Vigor: Yes, but less so than F1 and F1B Goldendoodles because they are the 3rd generation of offspring.
F2 Goldendoodle (50% Poodle and 50% Golden Retriever) is a second filial generation of Goldendoodle. This is a cross between an F1 Goldendoodle and another F1 Goldendoodle. The F2 generations produce specimens that are somewhat similar to the F1 generation since they are the same percentage of Golden Retriever and Poodle. However, most breeders will not breed an F2 Goldendoodle due to this generation being the most unpredictable generation of genetics in terms of coat type, coat hair, and variation of shedding.
F2 Goldendoodle Characteristics
- Coat Type: Highly variable and unpredictable. Straight, wavy, or curly.
- Hypoallergenic: Unpredictable.
- Non-shedding: Unpredictable.
- Hybrid Vigor: Yes, but less so than the F1 generation.
F2B Goldendoodle (62.5% Poodle and 37.5% Golden Retriever) is a cross between an F1 Goldendoodle (50% Poodle, 50% Golden Retriever) and an F1B Goldendoodle (75% Poodle, 25% Golden Retriever). Alternatively, some breeders will choose to breed an F1B Goldendoodle and another F1B Goldendoodle which would result in the F2B being 75% Poodle and 25% Golden Retriever.
This F2B Goldendoodle generation has significant poodle genes which results in a mostly wavy or curly coat. This means that it’s like the Goldendoodle will have less shedding and be more hypoallergenic. However, like most hybrid dogs there are always exceptions to the genetic rules.
The F2B Goldendoodle generation is often referred to as a Multi-generation Goldendoodle since they are the 3rd generation of offspring.
F2B Goldendoodle Characteristics
- Coat Type: Wavy or Curly.
- Hypoallergenic: Most likely. But there are definitely exceptions.
- Non-shedding: Most likely. But there are definitely exceptions.
- Hybrid Vigor: Yes, but less so than the F1 generation.
F2BB Goldendoodle (81.25% Poodle & 18.75% Golden Retriever) is a cross between an F2B Goldendoodle (62.5% Poodle, 37.5% Golden Retriever) and a original purebred 100% Poodle. Since this is at least the second Backcross with a purebred Standard Poodle and part of the 2nd generation, it gets a second “B” in its name and is referred to as an F2BB Goldendoodle.
An F2BB Goldendoodle is the most hypoallergenic and non-shedding of all the second generation Goldendoodles due to a large amount of Poodle genetics. This Goldendoodle also has the 2nd most Poodle genetics, only behind the F1BB Goldendoodle (87.5% Poodle & 12.5% Golden Retriever). It is extremely likely an F2BB Goldendoodle will a curly coat that will need to be brushed every day and groomed every couple of months to prevent the fur from matting. However, this Goldendoodle generation is great for people with severe pet allergies and don’t want to have to pick up dog hair everywhere.
The F2BB Goldendoodle generation is going to be referred to as a Multi-generation Goldendoodle since they are the 4th generation of offspring. Many breeders won’t use the term F2BB but will use the term Multi-generation Goldendoodle.
F2BB Goldendoodle Characteristics
- Coat Type: Curly
- Hypoallergenic: The most hypoallergenic 2nd generation Goldendoodle.
- Non-shedding: The most non-shedding 2nd generation Goldendoodle.
- Hybrid Vigor: Yes, but less so than F2 and F2B Goldendoodles because they are at least the 4th generation of offspring.
F3 Goldendoodle or Multi-generation Goldendoodle
The F3 Goldendoodle is also called the Multi-generation Goldendoodle. This is the 3rd generation or greater of Goldendoodle.
Typically, F3 Goldendoodles are bred with an F1B Goldendoodle and another F1B Doodle. Alternatively, you could breed an F3 Goldendoodle with an F2 Goldendoodle and another F2 Goldendoodle. F3 Goldendoodles contain a significant portion of Poodle genetics so it is great for people with pet allergies. The F3 Goldendoodle generation coat can vary from a heavy wave to very curly which makes them very allergy-friendly.
Multi-generation Goldendoodles are used to describe any Goldendoodle beyond the 2nd generation. This includes some of the Goldendoodle generations listed above like F1BB, F2B, and F2BB. Many breeds will simply list Multi-generation Goldendoodle instead of listing the exact generation of Goldendoodle. You will have to ask your breeder to specify which generation your Goldendoodle is.
F3 Goldendoodle or Multi-generation Goldendoodle Characteristics
- Coat Type: Generally Curly
- Hypoallergenic: Typically, Yes
- Non-shedding: Typically, Yes.
- Hybrid Vigor: Not a lot due to being a later generation.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is F1 or F2 Goldendoodle better?
Deciding which is better between an F1 or F2 Goldendoodle is a personal choice. If you are after a hypoallergenic dog, the F2 Goldendoodle is the better choice. These Goldendoodles tend to shed far less and are known to irritate allergy sufferers rarely.
While they are considered more hypoallergenic, F2 Goldendoodles are quite unpredictable. It’s hard to determine their coat type, hair, and how much shedding they will produce as it varies so much. It’s this reason we don’t see many breeders breeding F2 Goldendoodles as they can be harder to sell.
F1 Goldendoodles, on the other hand, feature the highest qualities and are considered a Hybrid Vigor breed. There’s less risk of genetic issues or inbreeding complications, although you will still need to be aware of health risks like eye diseases and hip dysplasia. F1 Goldendoodles are considered to be healthier than next-generation dogs (F2), but you are less likely to have a hypoallergenic dog.
Both F1 and F2 Goldendoodles will have similar personalities as they share the same heritage. F2 Goldendoodles will have been mixed with Doodles rather than the purebred Golden Retriever and Poodle, so sometimes their personalities can be slightly different. However, you can expect loving and playful dogs that slot in well with your family.
The genetics of an F1 Goldendoodle can vary, impacting their appearance. You can find wavy, curly, or smooth coats that will determine if they are hypoallergenic or not. There is also different maintenance for these coats that you need to consider. Think about how much time you can dedicate to grooming your dog when deciding whether an F1 Goldendoodle is the right one for you.
It’s worth considering these factors and deciding what is more important to you. If it’s the health of the dog, go for F1. However, if you want a better shot at a hypoallergenic dog, you should consider an F2 Goldendoodle.
Are F2 Goldendoodles healthy?
Generally, yes, Goldendoodles are healthy dogs! They will have less Hybrid Vigor than F1 or F1B Goldendoodles as they are a generation later, but they still live long and healthy lives. The mixing of the breeds reduces the risk of breed-related illnesses, giving F2 Goldendoodles a better chance at a healthy and problem-free life.
However, there are some illnesses and conditions that these dogs are prone to, regardless of their generation, and you need to be aware of them. Commonly with Goldendoodles, you need to watch for eye diseases, heart diseases, skin conditions, and hip dysplasia. Many of these will have symptoms that you can watch out for and maintaining a healthy and balanced diet and lifestyle should keep them at bay.
While these dogs should generally be healthy, F2 Goldendoodles aren’t commonly bred. Due to their makeup, they can be unpredictable in terms of if they are hypoallergenic and shed or not. It also means their health can be a little unpredictable, so be mindful of that when making your decision. However, these are fantastic dogs and overall healthy Goldendoodles.
Is F1B or F2B Goldendoodle better?
An F1B Goldendoodle tends to be more hypoallergenic than an F2B Goldendoodle and would be the better option for anyone with allergies. F1B Goldendoodles have a higher hybrid vigor than the F2B, too, meaning they are less likely to incur health complications down the line.
That doesn’t mean that you can be complacent, though! You will still need to be aware of health conditions that impact Poodles and Golden Retrievers, as these can affect your Goldendoodle! You can speak to your vet if you have any concerns about this when selecting your Goldendoodle. It’s also worth asking your breeder about the parentage of the Goldendoodles and any health issues their parents have to understand your dog’s lineage better.
F2B Goldendoodles aren’t often bred, as many breeders opt not to breed F2 Goldendoodles. These doodles can be unpredictable, and it’s hard to tell what you will end up with! Some F2B Goldendoodles will be hypoallergenic, but it’s not easy to predict. We see a mixture and less hybrid vigor, meaning their health might suffer more.
The temperament of these dogs should be considered too. F2b Goldendoodles tend to have a higher Poodle percentage, meaning they can be highly-strung and warier than F1B Goldendoodles. They will still be clever and friendly, but perhaps not as friendly as an F1B Goldendoodle.
If you are after a friendly and hypoallergenic Goldendoodle, opt for an F1B Goldendoodle.
Are F3 Goldendoodles good?
For those with pet allergies, the F3 Goldendoodle is the perfect dog for you! They contain a large portion of Poodle genetics, reducing the shedding and making them wonderful for those with allergies. Like other variations of Goldendoodles, F3 Goldendoodles are still friendly and playful, requiring lots of exercise and playtime.
They will slot into your family well, but as there are usually more Poodles in the mix, they might be wary of strangers initially. You must socialize your F3 Goldendoodle as soon as possible to help curb this wariness. The last thing you want is a nervous dog!
The curly coat requires maintenance and proper grooming, so be sure you are brushed up on this before getting your dog. Remember, you can speak to your vet or local groomer if you have any concerns about grooming your Goldendoodle.
As F3 Goldendoodles are made with multi-generation Goldendoodles, you do lose a lot of the Hybrid Vigor. You will need regular vet check-ups and be vigilant to ensure that your dog remains healthy throughout its life.
It’s worth checking with the breeder what Goldendoodles have been used to create your F3 Goldendoodle. It is usually done with an F1B Goldendoodle and F1 Doodle, or F2 Goldendoodles and another F2 Doodle. The combination used will determine your dog’s coat and its risk of developing health issues down the line.
While these are ideal dogs for those with allergies, many owners opt for F1 or F1B Goldendoodles to have higher levels of Hybrid Vigor in their pets. Remember, the higher the Hybrid Vigor, the fewer genetic issues your dog is likely to suffer from as they age!
Conclusion: Best Goldendoodle Generations
In general, I would say the best Goldendoodle Generations are the ones that are the most hypoallergenic, nonshedding, and have some hybrid vigor qualities. My top 3 picks for the Goldendoodle Generations are below:
- F1B Goldendoodle (75% Poodle & 25% Golden Retriever)
- F2B Goldendoodle (62.5% Poodle & 37.5% Golden Retriever)
- F1BB Goldendoodle (87.5% Poodle & 12.5% Golden Retriever)
If you don’t really care too much about a dog being hypoallergenic and nonshedding, then I would base my opinion more on the coat type and the color of the coat. In general, if you want a more curly coat that requires a significant amount of grooming pick a Goldendoodle that has a large amount of Poodle genetics. If you want a Goldendoodle with a more straight coat that will tend to shed, pick a Goldendoodle generation that has more Golden Retriever like an F1 Goldendoodle or F2 Goldendoodle.
For more information about Goldendoodles, please see our other articles: